Lipid Profile of a Population of Jacqueville, Consumer of Palm Oil in Southern Côte d’Ivoire

Main Article Content

Nemahiouon Francis Bataï
Marie Louise Ahui Bitty
Assamala Françoise Fossou
Kacou Jules Marius Djetouan
Kollet Yao Aimé Sylvere Zahe
Kouakou Ernest Amoikon

Abstract

Aims: The main aim of this study is to describe the profile of lipids serum in an active and apparently healthy population consuming palm oil in the department of Jacqueville in the south of Côte d'Ivoire

Methodology: We focused on 83 apparently healthy volunteers, which ages ranged between 18 to 50 years old. Within that population, 43 of them were palm oil consumers (67 g / day) while 40 others were considered as population control (30 g / day). We determined the BMI as well as blood pressure. Furthermore, we used conventional enzyme methods to measure the total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides.

Results: Our results shown that, the mean BMI of palm oil consumers did not vary significantly compared to the control population. However, the two groups of subjects were overweight and both  group were in hypotension and the other hand the mean values of the lipid parameters did not vary significantly between the two study groups. In addition, the mean values of the lipid parameters (CT, C-LDL and TG) were normal in the two groups. With the exception of C-HDL, which value was lower than the reference one at the level of the two groups.

Conclusion: This study did not show any influence of palm oil consumption on the mean BMI, blood pressure and lipid profile of the population.

Keywords:
Palm oil, BMI, blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides

Article Details

How to Cite
Bataï, N. F., Bitty, M. L. A., Fossou, A. F., Djetouan, K. J. M., Zahe, K. Y. A. S., & Amoikon, K. E. (2020). Lipid Profile of a Population of Jacqueville, Consumer of Palm Oil in Southern Côte d’Ivoire. European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety, 12(2), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/ejnfs/2020/v12i230188
Section
Original Research Article

References

Thoenes P. Biofuels and commodity markets — palm oil focus. FAO, Commodities and Trade Division; 2006.

Mba OI, Dumont MJ, Ngadi M. Palm Oil: Processing, characterization and utilization in the food industry. A review. Food Biosci. 2015;(10):26-41.
DOI: org/10.1016/j.fbio2015.01.003.

USDA. Foreign Agricultural Service. Office of Global Analysis. 2017;36.

Dronne Y, Forslund A. Le rôle croissant des huiles tropicales sur les marchés Internationaux : Principaux acteurs et produits. OCL. 2009;16(4):184-192.

Edem DO. Palm oil: Biochemical, physiological, nutritional, hematological, and toxicological aspects: A review. Plant. Foods Hum. Nutr. 2002;(57):319-34.
DOI: 10.1023/a:1021828132707

Bester DJ, Kupai K, Csont T, Szucs G, Csonka C, Esterhuyse AJ, et al. Dietary red palm oil supplementation reduces myocardial infarct size in an isolated perfused rat heart model. Lipids Health Dis. 2010;(9):64.

Fattore E, Fanelli R. Palm oil and palmitic acid: A review on cardiovascular effects and carcinogenicity. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 2013;(64):648-659.

Keys A, Mienotti A, Karvonen MJ, Aravanis C, Blackburn H, Buzina R, et al. Le regime alimentaire et le taux de décès sur 15 ans dans les sept pays d’étude. American journal of Epidemiology. 1986;124(6):903-915.
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a114480

Shekelle RB, Shryock AM, Oglesby P, Lepper M. Régime alimentaire, cholesterol sérique et décès par maladie cornarienne- The wester Electric Study. N Engl J Med. 1981;304:65-70.

Aranceta J, Perez-Rodrigo C. Recommended dietary reference intakes, nutritional goals and dietary guidelines for fat and fatty acids: A systematic review. Br J Nutr. 2012;107:S8-S22.
DOI: 10.1017/S0007114512001444

Assmann G, Buono P, Daniele A, Della Valle E, Farinaro E, Ferns G, et al. Functional foods and cardiometabolic diseases. International Task Force for Prevention of Cardiometabolic Diseases. Nutr. Metab. Cardiovasc. 2014;24:1272-1300.
Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2014.10.010

Berger NA. Obesity and cancer pathogenesis. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 2014; 1311:57-6.
DOI: 10.1111/nyas.12416

Shimizu H, Desrochers P. L’huile de palme: Avantages sanitaires, environnementaux et économiques. Note économique; 2012.
Available:www.institutmolinari.org

Siri-Tarino PW, Sun Q, Hu FB, Krauss RM. Saturated fat, carbohydrate, and cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91:5029.
DOI:10.3945/ajcn.2008.26285

Tiahou G, Maire B, Dupuy A, Delage M, Vernet M, Mathieu-Daude J, et al. Lack of oxidative stress in a selenium deficient area in Ivory Coast: Potential nutritional antioxidant role of crude palm oil. European Journal of Nutrition. 2004; 43(6):367-374.

Mondé AA, Camara-Cissé M, Konan G, Coulibaly I, Adeoti M, Gauze GAC, et al. Effects of palm oil consumption on Lipidic and Lipidoproteinic Profiles with Patients Suffering from Ischemic Heart Pathologies. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. 2017;6(1):6-11.
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20170601.12

FAO-WHO. Fats and fatty acids in human nutrition. Report of an Expert Consultation. FAO Food and Nutrition Paper. 2010; 91.

MacLachlan J, Wotherspoon AT, Ansell RO, Brooks CJ. Cholesterol oxidase: Sources, physical properties and analytical applications. J SteroïdBiochem Mol Biol. 2000;72(5):169-195.
DOI: 10.1016/s0960-0760(00)00044-3

Solena ML. Métabolisme des lipides et des lipoprotéines. In: Valdiguié P, editors. Biochimieclinique. Paris: cedex. 2000;168-186.
DOI: 10.1016/S1155-1941(10)51260-5

Warnick GR, Cheung MC, Albers JJ. Comparison of current methods for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol quantifica-tion. Clin Chem. 1979;25(4):596-604.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1093/clinchem/25.4.596

Sugiuchi H, Irie T, Uji Y. Homogeneous assay for measuring low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in serum with triblock copolymer and α- cyclodextrin sulfate. Clinical Chemistry. 1998;(44):522-531. [PubMed]

Després JP, Couillard C, Gagnon J, Bergeron J, Arthur S, James S. Race, Visceral Adipose Tissue, Plasma Lipids, and Lipoprotein Lipase Activity in Men and Women. The Health, Risk Factors, Exercise Training, and Genetics (HERITAGE) Family Study. Arterios-clerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology. 2000;20(8):1932-1938.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1161/01.ATV.20.8.1932

Gomina AM, Djaliri KD, Akpona AS. Profil des lipides sériques des peuls adultes nomades du Nord-Bénin. J. Appl. Biosci. 2013;62:4620-4627.

AkéAké A, Mondé AA, Yapo AP, Akpolé KJ, Bléyéré NM, Camara-Cissé M. Etude des paramètres anthropométriques d’une population rurale consommatrice d’huile de palme en Côte d’Ivoire. Cahier de Sante Publique. 2015;10:140-149.
DOI:10.5539/jfr.v6n4p140

AkéAké A, Monde AA, Edjeme-Ake A, Bahi GA, Djaman AJ, Yapo AP. Etude concernant les effets de la consommation de l’huile de palme sur l’état nutritionnel d’une population rurale jeune de Grand-Alépé (Côte d’Ivoire). J. of Food Research. 2017;4:1927-0895.

Grynberg A. Hypertension prevention: From nutrients to (fortified) foods to dietary patterns. Focus on fatty acids. Journal of Human Hypertension. 2005;19:S25-S33.
DOI: 10.1038/sj.jhh.1001957

Medeiros FJ, Mothe CG, Aguila MB, Mandarim-de-Lacerda CA. Longterm intake of edible oils benefits blood pressure and myocardial structure in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and streptozotocin diabetic SHR. Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators. 2005;78:231-248.

Terés S, Barceló-Coblijn G, Benet MA, ívarez R, Bressani R. Oleic acid content is responsible for the reduction in blood pressure induced by olive oil. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2008;105: 13811-13816.
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0807500105

Sacks FM, Katan M. Randomized clinical trials on the effects of dietary fat and carbohydrate on plasma lipoproteins and cardiovascular disease. Am J Med. 2002;113(Suppl9B):13S-24S.
DOI: 10.1016/s0002-9343(01)00987-1

Mozaffarian D, Micha R, Wallace S. Effects on coronary heart disease of increasing polyunsaturated fat in place of saturated fat: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PLoS Med. 2010;7:e1000252. Available:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000252

Lecerf JM. L’huile de palme : Aspects nutritionnels et métaboliques. Rôle sur le risque cardiovasculaire .OCL. 2013;20(3): 147-159.
DOI: 10.1051/ocl.2013.0507

Fattore L, Altea S, Fratta W. Différences sexuelles dans la toxicomanie: Une revue des études animals et humaines. santé des femmes. Lond Engl. 2008;4:51-65.
DOI: 10.2217/17455057.4.1.51 • [Source: PubMed]

Utarwuthipong T, Komindr S, Pakpeankitvatana V, Songchitsomboon S, Thongmuang N. Small dense low-density lipoprotein concentration and oxidative susceptibility changes after consumption of soybean oil, rice bran oil, palm oil and mixed rice bran/palm oil in hypercholesterolaemic women. J. Int. Med. Res. 2009;37(1):96-104.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1177/147323000903700111

Truswell AS. Comparing palmolein with different predominantly monounsaturated oils: Effect on plasma lipids. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 2000;51(1):S73–S77.
DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/61.4.1043

Vega-López S, Ausman LM, Jalbert SM, Erkkilä AT, Lichtenstein AH. Palm and partially hydrogenated soybean oils adversely alter lipoprotein profiles compared with soybean and canola oils in moderately hyperlipidemic subjects. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2006;84(1):54-62.

De Souza RJ, Mente A, Maroleanu A, Cozma AI, Ha V, Kishibe T. Intake of saturated and trans unsaturated fatty acids and risk of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Br Med J; 2015.
DOI: 10.1136/bmj.h3978

Hu FB, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, Ascherio A, Colditz GA, Speizer F. Dietary saturated fats and their food sources in relation to the risk of coronary heart disease in women. Am J ClinNutr. 1999;70(6):1001-8.
DOI:10.1093/ajcn/70.6.1001 • Source: PubMed

Yamagishi K, Iso H, Kokubo Y, Saito I, Yatsuya H, Ishihara J. Study group dietary intake of saturated fatty acids and incident stroke and coronary heart disease in Japanese communities: The JPHC Study. Eur Heart J. 2013;34(16):1225-32.
DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/eht043

Wakai, K, Naito M, Date C, Iso H, Tamakoshi A. Study group dietary intakes of fat and total mortality among Japanese populations with a low fat intake: The Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) Study. NutrMetab. 2014;11:12.
DOI: 10.1186/1743-7075-11-12