Golden Rice to Eradicate the Vitamin A Deficiency in the Developing Countries

Main Article Content

Umar Shahbaz
Xiao-Bin Yu
Wasim Akhtar
Regis Ndagijimana
Husnain Rauf

Abstract

The development of Golden Rice recently has taken longer than foreseen. Vitamin deficiency is a major medical issue that influences millions of people worldwide. UN Cartagena protocol for biosafety delayed particularly by deferring the determination of phenotypes developed in the open field. In this way, Golden Rice has not possessed the capacity to help with combatting vitamin an insufficiency as golden rice demonstrates fighting hidden hunger, as rice is the dominant crop in most of the Asian countries also staple food so people mostly rely on rice as energy source. Iron, zinc and vitamin A dearth are more dominant in rice consuming countries its named hidden hunger and it affects two billion people worldwide. VAD affect 190 million children and 19 million pregnant women worldwide, 100 grams of uncooked Golden Rice are able to supply up to 57 percent of the estimated average requirement (EAR) for vitamin A of pre-school children and from 38-47 percent of the EAR for pregnant and lactating women so far so good Golden rice passed rigorous biosafety assessment in Philippine. To get a working pro-vitamin A (beta-carotene) biosynthetic pathway in rice endosperm, we presented in a solitary, joined change exertion the cDNA coding for phytoene synthase (psy) and lycopene b-cyclase (b-lcy) both from Narcissus pseudonarcissus and both under the control of the endosperm-particular glutelin promoter together with a bacterial phytoene desaturase (crtI, from Erwinia uredovora under constitutive 35S promoter control). This blend covers the necessities for beta-carotene union and, as trusted, yellow beta-carotene-bearing rice endosperm was acquired in the T0-age.

Keywords:
Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD), genetic engineering, golden rice, Average Estimated Value (AEV).

Article Details

How to Cite
Shahbaz, U., Yu, X.-B., Akhtar, W., Ndagijimana, R., & Rauf, H. (2020). Golden Rice to Eradicate the Vitamin A Deficiency in the Developing Countries. European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety, 12(1), 53-63. https://doi.org/10.9734/ejnfs/2020/v12i130184
Section
Review Article

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